Recovering the US Hispanic Literary Heritage Digital Collections

Affidavit sworn by Joseph Robles Ramón and Alfonso Galindo Ramón to Alonso S. Perales

Item

pera0096.jpg

Dublin Core

Title

Affidavit sworn by Joseph Robles Ramón and Alfonso Galindo Ramón to Alonso S. Perales

Subject

AFFIDAVITS
BARS (Drinking Establishments) --Texas
DISCRIMINATION
RACE discrimination - public establishments
DISCRIMINATION
MILITARY
MILITARY Personnel
VETERAN

Description

Affidavit sworn by Joseph Robles Ramón and Alfonso Galindo Ramón to Alonso S. Perales that states that they were refused service at the Helotes Dance Hall and Tavern.

Creator

Ramón, Joseph Robles
Ramón, Alfonso Galindo

Source

Perales, Alonso S. Are We Good Neighbors? 1948. EBSCO Arte Público Hispanic Historical Collection: Series 2

Date

1946-11-08

Contributor

Perales, Alonso S.

Rights

Content compilation of The Latino/Hispanic American Experience Leaders, Writers and Thinkers copyright 2012 by Arte Publico Historical Collections. All rights reserved.

Relation

Gauthereau, Lorena. "Are We Good Neighbors?: Mapping Discrimination Against Mexican Americans in 1940s Texas." https://arcg.is/1C1bbv.

Format

JPEG

Language

English

Type

Text

Identifier

pera0096

Coverage

SAN Antonio (Tex.)

Scripto

Transcription

THE STATE OF TEXAS
COUNTY OF BEXAR

BEFORE ME, the undersigned authority in and for said County, State of Texas, this day personally came and appeared Joseph Robles Ramon and Alfonso Galindo Robles, to me well known, and who, after being by me duly sworn, did depose and say:

Our names are Joseph Robles Ramon and Alfonso Galindo Robles. We live in San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas. We are twenty four years and twenty one years of age respectively.

On Saturday, October 5th, about 8:30 P.M., we stopped at the Helotes Dance Hall and Tavern. I, Joseph Robles Ramon, went into the tavern and Alfonso Galindo Robles remained in our truck outside. I told the bartender to sell me a sandwich and a bottle of beer to take to my mother who lives on a ranch about found miles from said tavern. We were on our way to said ranch. He said that he had orders not to serve Mexicans. I talked with him in a nice manner and tried to make him see that it was wrong to deny us service just because we are of Mexican descent. I, Joseph Robles Ramon, told him that I had served in the United States Marine Corps, had fought overseas and had been badly wounded, and that I had done all of this for the sake of democracy and freedom. I added that I am totally disabled as a result of the wounds inflicted upon me in the fields of battle. He said that did not make any difference, that I still was a mexican [sic] and he could not serve me.

I was so angry because of his refusal to serve me merely on account of my being of Mexican descent that I went outside, got into my truck and ran the truck against the building. I then got off the truck and went into the tavern. The man who had refused to sell me a sandwich jumped upon me as soon as I went into the tavern and we fought each other. Someone there, the bartender I believe, struck me with a blunt instrument in the head and cut my head. He also struck me in the nose. My cousin, Alfonso Galindo Robles, came in and assisted me.

Neither of us had a drink of any kind. We were coming from work and were on our way to the ranch to see our mother and aunt.

Further affiants sayeth not.

[signed] Joseph Robles Ramón
[signed] Alfonso Galindo Robles.

Sworn to and subscribed before me, this the 8th day of October, A.D. 1946.

[signed] Alonso S. Perales

Text Item Type Metadata

Original Format

paper

Citation

Ramón, Joseph Robles and Ramón, Alfonso Galindo , “Affidavit sworn by Joseph Robles Ramón and Alfonso Galindo Ramón to Alonso S. Perales,” Recovering the US Hispanic Literary Heritage Digital Collections, accessed May 19, 2024, http://usldhrecovery.uh.edu/items/show/7.