Violeta Miqueli Mayoz de González

En español

Florida-born Violeta Miqueli Mayoz de González (1891-1972) was a household name in the US Hispanic print culture. In the US Hispanic press, she wrote about women’s news, feminism, and social and labor issues in numerous periodicals, among them Cuba Cubana, El Arte, Anagrama, ¡Despertad!, El Hogar, El Internacional, Postal de Key West, El Centinela, El Popular, Pinos Nuevos, and Nueva Vida (New Life) in the 1910s and 1920s. She also published in Cultura Proletaria and España Libre (New York), La Revista Blanca (Barcelona), and La Prensa (Buenos Aires) in later years. In 1962 Miqueli published Women in Myth and History, which examines women's roles in history.


Her parents were cigar-rolling workers in Ybor City, and she obtained a master’s degree in education and taught in Tampa and Key West.

“Workers have in education and freedom of association the best weapons for their anarchist ideal.” (Miqueli. “Marcha Ascendente” ¡Despertad! (Key West) Trans. Feu. Undated).


Miqueli was one of the leaders of the antifascist boycotts. Regular announcements were published in Frente Popular and España Libre to boycott products from fascist countries and picket businesses selling them “milking the Fascist hyena.” 

Miqueli: “Spanish, Czechoslovakian, Polish, and Finish mothers, all mothers who have suffered the horror of seeing their children torn apart by the bullets of Hitler, Mussolini, Franco, and Stalin ... Women can do a lot of good when … accept the responsibility of our destiny as the vanguard of the people." (Miqueli “Distintas clases de antifascistas.” España Libre March 15, 1940). Trans. MF.

A list of these businesses was published in Frente Popular on 8 April 1938. Exporters: Emilio González, Julio Rojo Fabian, Ramón Garrido, Policarpo Gomez. Shops owners: Carmen Moneo, Casa vittori, La bodega de Paco, Juan Gallego, García y Díaz, Doctor Castro Viejo, Moure, Torres Perona, Juan B. Castro, Maximo Calvo, Lagueras, Alonso, Joaquin Quirons, Ulloa. Performers and empresarios: Hermanos Iturbi, Andres Segovia, Benito Collada.

“a magnificent example of what patriotism means for bankers, the aristocracy, and the privileged, namely international military cooperation with the Nazi-Fascism to exterminate the European workers’ hopes.” (Miqueli, “Lo que dijo Bernard Fay.” Cultura Obrera. June 29, 1940). Trans. MF.


Miqueli mocked the “capitalist press” that called for law and order. Instead, Miqueli claimed that law and order precisely produce “disastrous results: injustice, extinction, immorality, and selfishness.” Miqueli asserted that it was easy to demonstrate that “law and order” are, in fact, words devoid of justice when they are applied to the poor or to the worker, who have no social or political capital (Miqueli. “Horrores Sociales.” Revista Blanca. April 1, 1932). Trans. MF.

Miqueli continued to provide more examples of injustice: an Italian-American mother died after being evicted when her affluent counterparts still looked young because “they know little of and have never experienced the unsettling worry of a day without bread, without a future, without hope.” (Miqueli. “Horrores Sociales.” Revista Blanca. April 1, 1932). Trans. MF.

“Violeta Miqueli’s Direct Action against State Violence.” Special Issue: Documenting Transborder Latinidades: Archives, Libraries, and Digital Humanities. The International Journal of Information, Diversity, and Inclusion. 6.4 (2022), 32-46.
Undergraduates Abigail Schafer, Ramón Castañeda, and Richard Villegas Rojas assisted in the transcription and translation of texts. 
How to cite the project: Montse Feu. "Violeta Miqueli." Fighting Fascist Spain --The Exhibits. Recovering the US Hispanic Literary Heritage Digital Collections. Accessed [DATE].
Miqueli, Violeta. La Mujer en la mitología y en la historia. Vantage Press, Inc.: 1962;
Kanellos, Nicolás. “Spanish-Language Anarchist Periodicals in Early Twentieth-Century United States.” Eds Baughman, Ratner-Rosenhagen y Danky. Protest on the Page: Essays on Print and the Culture of Dissidence since 1865, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2014, 59–84;
Montse Feu. Fighting Fascist Spain. Worker Protest from the Printing Press. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2020.
 I thank his grandson Tomás González for sharing his family archive and his memories of Violeta. Visit
Violeta Miqueli Mayoz de González